With the unique and delightful atmosphere and lifestyle, Hoi An Ancient Town is one of the most famous destinations in Vietnam.
Being an international trade center by sea on the east area in the 16th and 17th century, Hoi An Ancient Town is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a Southeast Asian trading port that reflects the influences, both indigenous and foreign, and combines to produce the unique heritage site.
In the historical progress of establishment and development, Hoi An was known by foreign merchants as Faifo, Haisfo, Hoai pho. Based on archeological relics and early records of architectural dwellings. Hoi An was also an important meeting place of many cultures, such as Champa, Vietnamese, Portuguese, Japanese and Chinese, and has been greatly impacted upon by Vietnamese and Chinese civilisation.
Hoi An district and town is on the lower section of the Thu Bon River system. It is in the coastal plain of Quang Nam province, just 28 km to the Southeast of Danang City.
Hoi An is located at latitudes 15o15’26’’ – 15o55’15’’ North and longitudes 108o17’08’’ – 108o23’10’’ East and shares its boarders with Duy Xuyen district in the South, Dien Ban district in the West and North and the Pacific ocean (the East Sea) in the East.
The climate in Hoi An is rather mild. The annual average temperature is 25.6o, the percentage of humidity is 82%, rainfall reaches up to 2066mm and sunshine of 2158 hours.
Area and Population
Hoi An has a total area of 6027.25 ha (60sq.km) inhabited by 81,021 people.
It is a coast of 7km with many nice beaches that are favourable for tourism development. Hoi An also has a large fishing industry as well as plentiful in other sea products. About 15km from Cua Dai beach lies the Cham archipelago (of 1,591 ha) where there are many famous sea swallow nests (bird nests) as well as excellent natural environments suitable for the promotion of eco tourism.
According to historical documents, the number of vessels entering the harbor so much crowded, the goods were diversified. During this period, Hoi An was an international commercial port flourished in most of countries and Southeast Asia, a major economic base of the Nguyen dynasty also.
From the late 19th century, influenced by many adverse factors, “Hoi An sailboat port” gradually declined and then disappeared, leaving its historic role for “young mechanic port” in Da Nang. But due to that, Hoi An could avoid a variation f-rom the impact of modern urbanization to keep preserving an urban architectural ensemble unique and great till now.
During 117 years of resistance against foreign invasion (1858-1975), thousands of Hoi An people who fell down for the independence and unification of Vietnam. Many local regions and some of Hoi An people have been awarded the title of “Hero”
On August22,1998, Hoi An was awarded the title of “Hero of the People’s Armed Forces”. More than a year later on December 4, 1999, United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization has enter Hoi An’s name to the World Heritage and Cultural List on August24, 2000, Hoi An was again awarded the title “Hero of Socialist Labor” in the renovation period.
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